Khalkh and Numrug rivers

by Guest / 11.18.2018 / 68

Junction of the rivers: N47°20', E119°27' Khalkh Gol soum of Dornod province

Distance: 1049 km away to the east of Ulaanbaatar city 394 km away to the southeast of Choibalsan town

The Khalkh river and Numrug rivers rise from Khayngan Range on the boundary between China and Mongolia. Numrug river flows into Khalkh river. Steppe animals belong to Manjuur and Daguur Mongolia mostly spread in the basin. 487 species of plants have been found here, among them 10 species of plants grow only in Central Asia. Many rare animals like moose, deer, otters, bears, roe deer, boars and bustards are here. Moose and snake of Black River and mole of Manjuur are only in the basin. 263 species of birds have found here and 5 of them are registered in Mongolian Red Book.

Khalkh river begins from 1720 m altitude of Khyangan Range in China and flows into Buir lake. It is 233 km long. Sharilj River branches out from Khalkh River and joins to Orshuun River. Sharilj river was created more later or in 1924. Drainage basin of Khalkh river is 17120 sq km. Khayngan Range is in rich of plants and surface water.

Khalkh river is averagely 50-60 m wide and 0.5-0.7 m deep. Deepest point is 2.5-4.5 m. It freezes in October and melts in April. Over 10 rivers flow into the river such as Numrug, Degee, Khandgait and Urt rivers. Khalkh river is home of many hunting fish like lenok, grayling, silurus as well as many swampy and water birds.

Numrug river, biggest flowing river into Khalkh river, begins from Khyangan Range. It is 218 km long and drainage basin is 5950 sq km. Average deep is 0.8-1.2 m but deepest is 3 m. More than 10 rivers flow into the river. Basin of Numrug and Degee rivers have been protected since 1992 as a strictly protected area. A historical place Ikh Burkhant is in the basin. In addition, there are some ancient ruins, soldiers tombs dated back to 13th to 14th century, as well as more than 30 memorials dedicated to Khalkh Gol war.