Kharaa river

by Guest / 02.20.2019 / 124

Places where the river runs: Batsumber soum of Tuv province, Mandal and Bayangol soums of Selenge province, Darkhan and Khongor soums of Darkhan uul province,

Source of the river: N48°05', E106°50' (Beginning of the Khuin River)

End of the river: N49°37', E105°50' (Junction of Orkhon River and Kharaa River)

Length of the river: 291 km

The Khuin River, the beginning of the Kharaa River, begins from the Ar Tolgoi Mountain in the north west of Chingeltei Mountain next to Ulaanbaatar city. The Khuin river, Sugnugur river, Bayan and Burgaltai rivers merge around Batsumber soum, Tuv province and then become the Kharaa River. Many rivers merge into the Kharkhiraa River such as the Sugnugur, Ulgii, Tunkhel, Shiirt, Bayan, Tami, Boroo, Orkhiroo, Khuntsal and Zagdal rivers, and the river flows into the Orkhon River. The river runs through medium altitude mountains and then the river valley becomes wider around Zuun Kharaa town and beyond. From Bayangol soum centre until Orkhon River, the river valley as well as the river bed becomes much wider and deeper. At its widest it is 45 m and deepest is 2.6 m. The drainage basin of this river is 15000 sq km. Rainwater floods rise and recede quite rapidly.

The river freezes in October and the ice surface lasts for 146 to 162 days. The Kharaa River water is often used for irrigation of farming. There are many natural sceneries and historical sites: among them Shirkhentseg Mountain and Kharaagiin Noyon Mountain are the most interesting.

The sacred Noyon Mountain (N 48°40‘, E 106°2S1 is 1722m and is covered by ebony and larch forests. There are more than 200 tumuli and tombs dated back to the Khunnu Tribe in some glens including Sujigt, Khujirt and Zuramt. The rocky mountain, Shirkhentseg, looks like a laying lion, and is located alone on the north bank of the Kharaa River. According to history, D. Sukhbaatar who was head of Mongolian Army, stood on top of Shirkhentseg Mountain with his horse when he went to Ulaanbaatar to liberate it from the Chinese after he liberated Khiagt town in July of 1921. His statue on Sukhbaatar square was created as he is standing on top of the mountain with his horse plus it was made with stone from the mountain.