Khovd river

by Guest / 10.23.2018 / 43

Places where the river runs: Tsengel, Ulaankhus, Sagsai, Ulgii, Altantsugts, Bayannuur soums of Bayan Ulgii province, Khovd soum of Uvs province and Erdene Buren and Myangad soums of Khovd province

Source of the river: N48°44', E88°09' (Junction of black Khovd and white Khovd rivers)

End of the river: N 48°07', E 92°17' (Khar Us Lake delta)

Length of the river: 516 km

The Khovd River begins from the junction of the black Khovd and white Khovd rivers, sourced by a glacier in the south east of the Altai Tavan Bogd Mountian of the Mongolian Altai Range. The riverruns through valleys of the Altai Range and into Khar Us Lake in the Great Lakes Basin. The drainage basin of the river is 58000 sq km and the river has much more water than many other rivers in the Central Asian Basin. Initially the river runs strongly through deep rocky valleys and canyons of the Mongolian Altai Range and then the valley becomes wider in the middle section. Its flow also becomes quieter in the middle. There are many deltas at the end of the river. The river is fed by some big lakes such as Tolbo, Tal, Dayan, Khoton, Khurgan and Achit lakes, and many rivers flow into the river including the Buyant, Tsagaan, Sogoo, Sagsai, Bukhmurun, Uvdug, Shiver, Umnu, Mogoit, Khavchuu and Kharganat rivers. Those rivers are sourced by glaciers and permanent snows as well as fed by rain. The Khovd river water flows with the two different colours of white and black around Tsengel soum centre after the Tsagaan (white) River flows into the Khovd River. The average depth is 1.5-3 m. The river freezes in October and melts in April. Most of the small rivers that flow into the Khovd river freeze till the bottom. There are many noisy rapids in Khovd River around Shijigtei canyon between Altan Khukhii Mountain and Tambagarav Mountain. Altai grayling fish are abundant here. Grayling fish spawn in mass here in spring. Pheasants, registered in the Mongolian Red Book, can be found in wicker groves in the Khovd River valley. They build their nests in May. A 20 km area in the Khovd River valley has been protected since 2000 in order to protect rare animals such as pheasants, reeds boars and beavers as well as sea buckthorn fruits. The protected area is called Devel Island Natural Reserve Area.