Selenge river

by Guest / 02.20.2019 / 196

Places where the river runs: Tosontsengel, Rashaant, Ikh Uul, Tarialan soums of Khuvsgul, Khutag Undur, Bugat, Khangal, Selenge soums of Bulgan province and Tsagaan Nuur, Khashaat, Zuun Buren, Shaamar soums of Selenge province

Source of the river: N49°16', E100°41' (Junction of many rivers)

End of the river: N50°20', E106°05' (until the Mongolian/Russian border)

Length of the river: 992 km

The Selenge River begins from the junction of the Ider and Delger rivers. All Mongolian rivers which belong to the North Arctic Basin flow into the Selenge River. It is 593 km long in Mongolia and 399 km long in Russia and flows into Baikal Lake. The total drainage basin of this river is 447000 sq km area, but only 55 % of the area is in Mongolia. The total drainage basin of Selenge River system equals 87.3 percent of the total drainage basin area of the North Arctic Basin. The drainage basin of the Selenge is 28 percent of the total of Mongolian territory. The total length of the Selenge river and other rivers belonging to the former river system is 20000 km. The Selenge river runs through mountains with medium altitude until the border, with bushy plants and wickers growing along the river valley. On average it is 80-150 m wide. Around the beginning, it is 60-70 m wide but by the end it becomes 100-250 m wide and 1 to 4 m deep. Much bigger rivers such as Khanui, Ider, Eg, Delger and Orkhon flow into the Selenge River. The Selenge River freezes during the second half of November and melts in mid April. Boats and rafts are used on the river. This area is a good environment for taimen, sturgeon and rare white fish, all of them have registered in Mongolian Red Book. Many historical sites and memorials have remained in the Selenge River valley, such as Bai Bakiik city ruins of Uigur, man stone in Gurt bridge,rock paintings in Nariin Tulbar and man stone in Inget tolgoi.